The majority of Scots live in the central belt, which spreads from Glasgow in the west to Edinburgh, virtually on the east coast. Public transport here is efficient and places are easily accessible by train and bus. Off the main routes, public transport services can be more scarce, particularly in more remote parts of the Highlands and Islands.
With careful planning, everywhere is accessible and your clients will have no trouble getting to the main tourist destinations. In most parts of Scotland, especially if the scenic backroads are taken, the low level of traffic makes driving wonderfully stress-free.
Each of Scotland's seven cities has a distinctive character of its own but all guarantee their visitors a vibrant mix of history, culture and entertainment, stirred together with some of the best retail therapy in the UK! But if the cosmopolitan pace gets too much, then an escape to the tranquility of Scotland's breathtaking landscape is never more than a short trip from each.
So whether your clients opt for a dedicated city-break or use them as a base to explore the surrounding countryside, Scotland's cities offer a truly memorable experience.
The 'Granite City', is a prosperous, cosmopolitan city, boasting spectacular architecture and captivating museums, fascinating history, a wealth of art and culture and a lively social scene.
Dundee, Scotland's fourth largest city, is a lively commercial, cultural, and artistic centre that's an increasingly popular choice as a short city-break destination or for a great family day out.
The Scottish capital, is one of Europe's most attractive and historic cities. Its famed international festivals attract the world's leading performers, galleries display cutting-edge art, and bars, restaurants and clubs create a lively, cosmopolitan atmosphere.
Glasgow, Scotland's biggest city, is brimming with style and culture, thanks to Its irresistible blend of internationally acclaimed museums and galleries, stunning architecture, vibrant nightlife, fabulous shopping and superlative wining and dining.
Inverness, known as the Capital of the Highlands, is a prosperous hub with an enviable location on the River Ness at the head of the Great Glen, making it an ideal base for exploring the many attractions in the surrrounding countryside.
Situated in the very heart of Scotland, Perthshire represents majestic glens,championship golf courses and ancient forests. Find all that and much more in Perth with its captivating history, magnificent wildlife and stunning array of events and festivals.
Stirling is Scotland's heritage capital, the stage for some of the most significant events in the nation's history. But the city has also has a modern, cosmopolitan edge, thanks to its fusion of locals, students and tourists, attractive shops and leisure areas.
From the gentle rolling hills of Dumfries and Galloway to the breathtaking peaks of the Cairngorms in the Highlands by way of Edinburgh's genteel Georgian townhouses, the variety of Scotland's landscapes never fails to amaze and impress visitors.
Often within a few hours travelling, clients can experience a landscape that changes rapidly from gentle rolling hills to rugged coasts and dramatic, towering peaks. Vibrant, cosmopolitan cities whose outlook is definitely to the future rub shoulders with ancient castles and monuments rooted firmly in the past while the cultural frenzy of the Edinburgh Festival is also within easy reach of the peace and tranquillity of sandy beaches, country parks and outstanding nature reserves.
With its castles, whisky distilleries, dramatic coastlines and long-standing royal connections, Scotland's north east is a firm favourite with visitors from all over the world.
A visit to the ancient land of Angus and the east coast city of Dundee rewards you with unspoiled Highland glens, stunning rugged coastlines and a vibrant and cosmopolitan urban centre.
Savour the atmosphere of Hebridean islands, the charm of rural villages and the natural frontier separating the West Highlands' rugged grandeur from the gentler beauty of the Lowlands.
Situated on the beautiful Clyde Coast, Ayrshire and the neighbouring isle of Arran is a golfers' paradise and is also home to some of the most prestigious heritage and visitor attractions that Scotland has to offer.
Dumfries & Galloway offers a perfect escape from the stresses of modern life. A mecca for golfers, cyclists, walkers, and anglers, it also boasts huge tracts of forest and moorland where you're more likely to see deer or birds of prey than another person.
Welcome to Edinburgh, inspiring capital of Scotland, where centuries of history meet a vibrant, cosmopolitan city in an unforgettable setting. Discover stunning scenery, striking architecture and fine food, and beautiful coast and countryside in the nearby Lothians.
Condé Naste Traveller magazine's 'Favourite UK City 2006', Glasgow is an exciting mix of a world-class arts and culture, stylish eateries and places to stay and some of the best shopping anywhere in the UK.
Orkney is a truly unique destination. A deep sense of history can be felt everywhere in the 70 or so scattered islands that make up the archipelago, islands where life is defined by the past and sculpted by the sea.
Situated in the very heart of Scotland, Perthshire is a mecca for lovers of the great outdoors and adventure sports, boasting some of the finest and most accessible scenery anywhere in the Highlands.
The Scottish Borders is the main gateway to Scotland from the south but there is more than enough here to make it a destination in its own right.
An entrancing blend of Scotland and Norway, Shetland's scenery is surprisingly varied for such a small area and is often truly spectacular. The islands offer everything from rocky crags to fertile farmland, pebble beaches to stupendous cliffs.
The Highlands really is the Scotland of your imagination, a beautiful and inspiring region of ancient landscapes, with a fascinating history.
Ancestral home of Scottish monarchs, world-famous for its golf and with some of Scotland's best scenic attractions, The Kingdom of Fife is a proud region with its own distinct identity.
Also known as the Western Isles - comprise some 200 islands, stretching for 130 miles. Here on the edge of Europe is a striking mix of landscapes from windswept golden sands to harsh, heather-backed mountains.
Scotland has five international airports: Edinburgh, Glasgow, Glasgow Prestwick and Aberdeen and Inverness. Scotland also has numerous minor airports which are very useful for reaching far-flung islands.
Click on the links below for useful information about Scotland's main airports:
There are a wide range of interconnecting flights between each of these and the main hubs. Compared to budget carrier prices, those on internal flights can seem pretty expensive on the whole, however the time saving compared to other travel methods may make it worthwhile.
Most flights are operated by Flybe. For inter-island flights in Shetland (excluding Fair Isle), you need to book direct through Loganair. Other services between the mainland and several of the major islands are provided by Eastern Airways. Also, Loch Lomond Seaplanes provide an unforgetable travel experience as you fly by sea plane over some fo the most beautiful scenery in Scotland.
All Scotland's major towns and cities are served by long-distance bus services, known across Britain as coaches, the majority of which are run by the national operator, Citylink.
There are various discount cards on offer for those with children, those under 26 or over 50 and full-time students: contact Scottish Citylink for more on these.Coaches are generally cheaper than the equivalent train journey and, as a result, are very popular.
For busy routes and travel at weekends and peak season suggest to your clients that it's best to buy tickets in advance from the website or any bus station in the U.K, as this will guarantee them a seat. Make sure that you check the baggage allowance restrictions, as coaches often have limited space for larger items such as prams, charge for other extra baggage, and have rules on transporting items such as bicycles.
There are a multitude of different coach providers offering a range of different services throughout Scotland. The main operators, First, Stagecoach, and National Express, and a number of independent operators, run local bus services within Scotland between the main cities, towns and villages. City and town services are frequent, while in rural areas there is a reduced service. For information on all services in and around Scotland's towns and cities, visit the TravelineScotland website.
Some rural areas, particularly in the Highlands and Islands, are only served by the Postbus network, which sees numerous minibuses carrying mail taking between 3 and 10 fare-paying passengers. Details of Postbus routes and timetables can be found on the Royal Mail website.
If your clients are travelling a lot in England and Wales too, they might be better off with a National Express Brit Xplorer Pass, which gives them unlimited travel throughout Britain on National Express coaches.
As a cruise destination, Scotland is undoubtedly up there with the best. Breathtaking scenery, stunning cities, haunting history, UNESCO World Heritage sites, and a variety of ports large and small make Scotland the perfect cruise destination.
Scotland's cruise ports are ideally located for inclusion in Scotland itineraries, transatlantic re-positioning, or for combining with cruises to Iceland, Faroe Islands or the Norwegian Fjords and Europe. Please read the PDF below to find out the cruise lines who operate cruises calling at Scottish ports in 2015.
If your clients want to cover a lot of the country in a short time, or just want more flexibility, they will need their own transport.
In order to drive in Scotland, non-UK citizens will need to supplement their national driving licence with an international driving permit, available from state and national motoring organizations at home for a small fee.
If they're bringing their own car into the UK they should also carry their vehicle registration or ownership document at all times. Furthermore, they must be adequately insured, so they need to check their existing policy.
Scotland has over sixty inhabited islands, and nearly fifty of them have scheduled ferry links. Most ferries carry cars and vans, and the vast majority can - and should - be booked as far in advance as possible.
Caledonian MacBrayne (generally abbreviated to 'CalMac') has a virtual monopoly on services on the River Clyde and to the Hebrides, sailing to 21 islands altogether. They have two types of reduced-fare pass. If your clients are taking more than one ferry, it's worth suggesting the discounted Island Hopscotch tickets. If they're going to be taking a lot of ferries, they might be better off with an Island Rover, which allows 8 or 15 consecutive days unlimited ferry travel. It does not, however, guarantee a place on any ferry, so booking ahead is recommended.
Car ferries to Orkney and Shetland from Aberdeen and from Scrabster near Thurso are currently run by NorthLink Ferries. Pentland Ferries run a car ferry from Gills Bay, near John o'Groats, to St. Margarets Hope, Orkney, while John o' Groats Ferries run a summer-only passenger ferry from John o'Groats to Burwick in Orkney. The various Orkney islands are linked to each other by services run by Orkney Ferries.
Shetland's inter-island ferries are run in conjunction with the local council, and information about routes and timetables can be found on the Shetland Islands Council website.
There are also numerous small operators round the Scottish coast that run day-excursion trips.
Scotland's rail network is at its most dense in the central belt, reducing to a few main lines in the Highlands; these however do link with most of the major ferry ports to the west coast islands. Abellio ScotRail runs the majority of train services, reaching all the major towns, sometimes on lines rated as among the great scenic routes of the world.
Your clients can buy tickets for Abellio ScotRail trains at stations, from major travel agents, or over the phone and online with a credit card. If the ticket office at the station is closed, they can usually buy a ticket on board from the inspector using cash or a credit card. However, the inspector cannot always issue discounted or special-offer tickets.
Abellio ScotRail trains offers an extensive range of ticketing options with discounts available over a huge array of categories based on for example, age, numbers travelling, advance booking and time of travel, and combining train travel with other transport options.
For details of all the numerous discounted national rail passes running to, from, and around Scotland, visit the National Rail enquiries website.
If Scotland is only a part of your clients' itinerary, more flexible - if more expensive - options are the various national rail passes which allow unlimited travel across mainland Britain. The only one that can be bought in the UK is the All-Line Rover, which allows 7 or 14 consecutive days' travel (with discounts for national rail card holders). BritRail passes are only available for purchase before your clients leave their home country online.
If your clients have been resident in a European country other than the UK for at least 6 months, an InterRail pass, allowing unlimited train travel within Britain might be a cost-effective way to travel, if Scotland is part of a longer European trip. This can also be purchased online at the RailEurope website.
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